Institute for Hydromechanics

Dr.-Ing. Christof Gromke

Research Interests and Professional Career

Research Areas

  • Building and Environmental Aerodynamics
  • Urban Climatology and Meteorology
  • Please note in this context a TV-report from the Bayrischer Rundfunk (in German), produced for the science programs „Gut zu Wissen“ (BR) and „Xenius“ (Arte): the study examines tree-lined alleys and hedgerows in urban street canyons, addressing their influences on natural ventilation and vehicle emissions.


Specific Research Interests

  • Flow and turbulence in and above plant canopies
  • Pollutant dispersion in the urban environment
  • Wind erosion (soil and snow) and sheltering effect of vegetation
  • Vegetative climate change adaptation measures for urban heat islands

Selected Publications

Gromke, C., Ruck, B. (2018) On Wind Forces in the Forest Edge Region during Extreme Gust Passages and Their Implications for Damage Patterns. Boundary-Layer Meteorology [DOI]

Gromke, C., Jamarkattel, N., Ruck, B. (2016) Influence of roadside hedgerows on air quality in urban street canyons. Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 139, pp. 75-86 [DOI]

Gromke, C., Blocken, B., Janssen, W., Merema, B., van Hooff, T., Timmermans, H. (2015) CFD analysis of transpirational cooling by vegetation: Case study for specific meteorological conditions during a heat wave in Arnheim, Netherlands. Building and Environment, Vol. 82, 16 [DOI]

Gromke, C., Horeneder, S., Walter, B., Lehning, M. (2014) Snow particle characteristics in the saltation layer. Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 60, pp. 1-9 [DOI]

Burri, K., Gromke, C., Graf, F. (2013) Mycorrhizal fungi protect the soil from wind erosion: A wind tunnel study, Land Degradation and Development, Vol. 24, pp. 385-392. [DOI]

Gromke, C. (2011) A vegetation modeling concept for Building and Environmental Aerodynamics wind tunnel tests and its application in pollutant dispersion studies, Environmental Pollution, Vol. 159, pp. 2094-2099. [DOI]

Gromke, C., Ruck, B. (2009) On the impact of trees on dispersion processes of traffic emissions in street canyons, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Vol.131, pp. 19-34. [DOI]

Gromke, C., Buccolieri, R., Di Sabatino, S., Ruck, B. (2008) Dispersion study in a street canyon with tree planting by means of wind tunnel and numerical investigations - Evaluation of CFD data with experimental data, Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 42, pp. 8640-8650. [DOI]

More comprehensive publication list


Professional Career and Activities 

  • Dipl.-Ing. Civil Engineering with focus Structural Engineering at RWTH Aachen University, Germany (2004)
  • Research assistant at Institute for Hydromechanics, University of Karlsruhe, Germany (2004-2008): PhD thesis - Pollutant dispersion in urban street canyons with avenue-trees (2008),
  • Research associate at Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF, Davos, Switzerland (2008-2012): Wind tunnel and field studies of snow/soil atmosphere exchange processes
  • Research fellow (Marie Curie) at Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands (2012-2014): Numerical simulation of flow, pollutant dispersion and climate change adaptation measures in the built environment
  • Research assistant at KIT Institute for Hydromechanics, group: Laboratory for Building- and Environmental Aerodynamics (2014- ): Storm damages in forest stands, interaction between extreme gusts and forest edges